SBS:Science Level 10 V3

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Science Level 10 Capacity Matrices

Contents

Physical Science

Life Science

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H21 Matter tends to be cycled within an ecosystem, while energy is transformed and eventually exits an ecosystem Capacity Matrix SC.10.H21

SC.10.H21.01.03 Analyze how energy flows through trophic levels (CAS: HS.2.1.a)

SC.10.H21.02.03 Evaluate the potential ecological impacts of a plant-based or meat-based diet (CAS: HS.2.1.b)

SC.10.H21.03.03 Analyze and interpret data from experiments on ecosystems where matter such as fertilizer has been added or withdrawn such as through drought (CAS: HS.2.1.c)

SC.10.H21.04.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation showing how ecosystems follow the laws of conservation of matter and energy (CAS: HS.2.1.d)

SC.10.H21.05.03 Define and distinguish between matter and energy, and how they are cycled or lost through life processes (CAS: HS.2.1.e)

SC.10.H21.06.03 Describe how carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and water cycles work (CAS: HS.2.1.f)

SC.10.H21.07.03 Use computer simulations to analyze how energy flows through trophic levels (CAS: HS.2.1.g)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H22 The size and persistence of populations depend on their interactions with each other and on the abiotic factors in an ecosystem Capacity Matrix SC.10.H22

SC.10.H22.01.03 Analyze and interpret data about the impact of removing keystone species from an ecosystem or introducing non-native species into an ecosystem CAS: HS.2.2.a)

SC.10.H22.02.03 Describe or evaluate communities in terms of primary and secondary succession as they progress over time (CAS: HS.2.2.b)

SC.10.H22.03.03 Evaluate data and assumptions regarding different scenarios for future human population growth and their projected consequences (CAS: HS.2.2.c)

SC.10.H22.04.03 Examine, evaluate, question, and ethically use information from a variety of sources and media to investigate ecosystem interactions (CAS: HS.2.2.d)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H23 Cellular metabolic activities are carried out by biomolecules produced by organisms Capacity Matrix SC.10.H23

SC.10.H23.01.03 Identify biomolecules and their precursors/building blocks (CAS: Hs.2.3.a)

SC.10.H23.02.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based explanation that biomolecules follow the same rules of chemistry as any other molecule (CAS: HS.2.3.b)

SC.10.H23.03.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based explanation regarding the optimal conditions required for enzyme activity (CAS: HS.2.3.c)

SC.10.H23.04.03 Infer the consequences to organisms of suboptimal enzyme function - such as altered blood pH or high fever - using direct and indirect evidence (CAS: HS.2.3.d)

SC.10.H23.05.03 Analyze and interpret data on the body's utilization of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins (CAS: HS.2.3.e)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H24 The energy for life primarily derives from the interrelated processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis transforms the sun's light energy into the chemical energy of molecular bonds. Cellular respiration allows cells to utilize chemical energy when these bonds are broken Capacity Matrix SC.10.H24

SC.10.H24.01.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation the optimal environment for photosynthetic activity (CAS: HS.2.4.a)

SC.10.H24.02.03 Discuss the interdependence of autotrophic and heterotrophic life forms such as depicting the flow of a carbon atom from the atmosphere, to a leaf, through the food chain, and back to the atmosphere (CAS: HS.2.4.b)

SC.10.H24.03.03 Explain how carbon compounds are gradually oxidized to provide energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which drives many chemical reactions in the cell (CAS: HS.2.4.c)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H25 Cells use passive and active transport of substances across membranes to maintain relatively stable intracellular environments Capacity Matrix SC.10.H25

SC.10.H25.01.03 Analyze and interpret data to determine the energy requirements and/or rates of substance transport across cell membranes (CAS: HS.2.5.a)

SC.10.H25.02.03 Compare organisms that live in freshwater and marine environments, and identify the challenges of osmotic regulation for these organisms (CAS: 2.5.b)

SC.10.H25.03.03 Diagram the cell membrane schematically, and highlight receptor proteins as targets of hormones, neurotransmitters, or drugs that serve as active links between intra and extracellular environments (CAS: 2.5.c)

SC.10.H25.04.03 Use tools to gather, view, analyze, and interpret data produced during scientific investigations that involve passive and active transport (CAS: 2.5.d)

SC.10.H25.05.03 Use computer simulations and models to analyze cell transport mechanisms (CAS: 2.5.e)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H26 Cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems maintain relatively stable internal environments, even in the face of changing external environments Capacity Matrix SC.10.H26

SC.10.H26.01.03 Discuss how two or more body systems interact to promote health for the whole organism (CAS: HS.2.6.a)

SC.10.H26.02.03 Analyze and interpret data on homeostatic mechanisms using direct and indirect evidence to develop and support claims about the effectiveness of feedback loops to maintain homeostasis (CAS: HS.2.6.b)

SC.10.H26.03.03 Distinguish between causation and correlation in epidemiological data, such as examining scientifically valid evidence regarding disrupted homeostasis in particular diseases (CAS: HS.2.6.c)

SC.10.H26.04.03 Use computer simulations and models of homeostatic mechanisms (CAS: HS.2.6.d)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H27 Physical and behavioral characteristics of an organism are influenced to varying degrees by heritable genes, many of which encode instructions for the production of proteins Capacity Matrix SC.10.H27

SC.10.H27.01.03 Analyze and interpret data that genes are expressed portions of DNA (CAS: HS.2.7.a)

SC.10.H27.02.03 Analyze and interpret data on the processes of DNA replication, transcription, translation, and gene regulation, and show how these processes are the same in all organisms (CAS: HS.2.7.b)

SC.10.H27.03.03 Recognize that proteins carry out most cell activities and mediate the effect of genes on physical and behavioral traits in an organism (CAS: HS.2.7.c)

SC.10.H27.04.03 Evaluate data showing that offspring are not clones of their parents or siblings due to the meiotic processes of independent assortment of chromosomes, crossing over, and mutations (CAS: HS.2.7.d)

SC.10.H27.05.03 Explain using examples how genetic mutations can benefit, harm, or have neutral effects on an organism (CAS: HS.2.7.e)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H28 Multicellularity makes possible a division of labor at the cellular level through the expression of select genes, but not the entire genome Capacity Matrix SC.10.H28

SC.10.H28.01.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation of how cells form specialized tissues due to the expression of some genes and not others (CAS: HS.2.8.a)

SC.10.H28.02.03 Analyze and interpret data that show most eukaryotic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) does not actively code for proteins within cells (CAS: HS.2.8.b)

SC.10.H28.03.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation for how a whole organism can be cloned from a differentiated - or adult - cell (CAS: HS.2.8.c)

SC.10.H28.04.03 Analyze and interpret data on medical problems using direct and indirect evidence in developing and supporting claims that genetic mutations and cancer are brought about by exposure to environmental toxins, radiation, or smoking (CAS: HS.2.8.d)

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H29 Evolution occurs as the heritable characteristics of populations change across generations and can lead populations to become better adapted to their environment Capacity Matrix SC.10.H29

SC.10.H29.01.03 Develop, communicate, and justify an evidence-based scientific explanation for how Earth's diverse life forms today evolved from common ancestors (CAS: HS.2.9.a)

SC.10.H29.02.03 Analyze and interpret multiple lines of evidence supporting the idea that all species are related by common ancestry such as molecular studies, comparative anatomy, biogeography, fossil record and embryology (CAS: 2.9.b)

SC.10.H29.03.03 Analyze and interpret data suggesting that over geologic time, discrete bursts of rapid genetic changes and gradual changes have resulted in speciation (CAS: 2.9.c)

SC.10.H29.04.03 Analyze and interpret data on how evolution can be driven by three key components of natural selection - heritability, genetic variation, and differential survival and reproduction (CAS: 2.9.d)

SC.10.H29.05.03 Generate a model - an evolutionary tree - showing how a group of organisms is most likely diverged from common ancestry (CAS:2.9.e)

Earth Systems Science

Nature of Science

Measurement Topic: SC.10.H41 Nature of Science Capacity Matrix SC.10.H41

SC.10.H41.01.03 Ask testable questions, make a falsifiable hypothesis, use an inquiry based approach, share experimental data and respectfully discuss conflicting results about how cells transport materials in and out of the cell, and critically evaluate the models and the historical context of photosynthesis and cellular respiration



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